A Green Road Journal

Quaker Inspired, Evidence Based, Art And Science Of Sustainable Health Plus Success - How To Create Heaven On Earth - Education For Seventh Generation Rainbow Warriors

Share this post:
Pumped Water Energy Storage Systems Working Well, Cost Effective/Green; Holland Water Pumping Windmills Pumping Water Uphill, Powering Industrial Machines, Advanced Rail Energy Storage (ARES) Used As Peak Power Storage System

There is no need for baseload fossil fuel or nuclear power stations. This article offers a plan for how decentralized renewable energy systems combined with decentralized energy storage systems can be combined to provide a sustainable zero fossil fuel, zero nuclear power system on a utility scale.

Rather than relying on just one huge 1 percent top down controlled fossil/nuclear power plant very far away from where the energy is consumed, it is better to rely on thousands or tens of thousands of decentralized renewable power generators and power storage systems, located in a particular state, region, town or city, close to the energy users.

Because the cost of utility scale solar and wind energy is now lower than coal, gas and nuclear power, it is causing a transformation in the energy systems all around the world. There is no one 'best' solution, because each locality has to match up whatever renewable energy and storage system is available locally, to build a sustainable, decentralized energy system. Iceland relies 100 percent on geothermal energy for all of it's power and heating needs. Holland relies on wind energy to a large extent.

Every country has some kind of 'gift' free energy available, sufficient to power the whole country, with power to spare, but the fossil fuel and nuclear industries don't want anyone to know this, because that makes them obsolete.

List Of Communities Around The World Generating 100% Zero Carbon Sustainable, Renewable Energy; Debunking The Mythology of Nuclear And/Or Fossil Fuel Baseload Requirement, Transformation Of Energy Source Required
http://www.agreenroadjournal.com/2014/06/feldheim-and-schonau-two-examples-of.html

PUMPED WATER ENERGY STORAGE WORKS WELL


Utilities are already pumping water uphill during the night and then generating power at peak load times by running that same water down through a water power generator.
VIDEO: http://youtu.be/lsSUPpwtqhQ 2 min.


The Sir Adam Beck Generating Complex at Niagara Falls, Canada, includes a large pumped-storage hydroelectricity reservoir. During hours of low electrical demand excess electrical grid power is used to pump water up into the reservoir, which then provides an extra 174 MW of electricity during periods of peak demand.

Typically, conventional hydroelectricity complements wind power very well. When the wind is blowing strongly, nearby hydroelectric stations can temporarily hold back their water. When the wind drops they can, provided they have the generation capacity, rapidly increase production to compensate. This gives a very even overall power supply and virtually no loss of energy and uses no more water.

Alternatively, where a suitable head of water is not available, pumped-storage hydroelectricityor other forms of grid energy storage such as compressed air energy storage and thermal energy storage can store energy developed by high-wind periods and release it when needed.[110] 

The type of storage needed depends on the wind penetration level – low penetration requires daily storage, and high penetration requires both short and long term storage – as long as a month or more. Stored energy increases the economic value of wind energy since it can be shifted to displace higher cost generation during peak demand periods. 

The potential revenue from this arbitrage can offset the cost and losses of storage; the cost of storage may add 25% to the cost of any wind energy stored but it is not envisaged that this would apply to a large proportion of wind energy generated. For example, in the UK, the 1.7 GW Dinorwig pumped-storage plant evens out electrical demand peaks, and allows base-load suppliers to run their plants more efficiently. 

Although pumped-storage power systems are only about 75% efficient, and have high installation costs, their low running costs and ability to reduce the required electrical base-load can save both fuel and total electrical generation costs.[111][112]
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wind_power

STORING EXCESS RENEWABLE ENERGY WHEN IT IS AVAILABLE IS THE KEY TO A SUSTAINABLE, SMART ENERGY GRID OF THE FUTURE


When there is excess zero carbon, zero nuclear renewable energy available, it needs to be captured and stored, so that it can be used during those periods when energy use 'peaks', as shown in the graph below. To get excess capacity, enough renewable energy collection systems need to be installed, so that there is 'excess' capacity. 

Storing renewable energy is the key to the future energy systems
VIDEO: http://youtu.be/iFdVX0NIPDE 2 min.



THE DUTCH USE WIND POWER TO PUMP WATER OUT OF THEIR COUNTRY, COULD BE USED TO PUMP WATER UPHILL FOR ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM, OR FOR TOWN PRESSURIZED WATER SUPPLIES

In Holland, they basically live at or below sea level. Their whole country is surrounded by dikes to keep the sea water out. They reclaimed much of the land that they live on by pumping water out with 10,000 wind powered pumps, much like this one.

Pictures of Holland windmills

Why can't these kinds of wind powered pumps be used to pump water uphill or to do other work such as creating electricity? Wind is free, and these structures do not melt down, blow up or cause radioactive pollution? 

List of windmills in North Holland

Wikipedia; "A windmill is a mill that converts the energy of wind into rotational energy by means of vanes called sails or blades.[1][2] Centuries ago, windmills usually were used to mill grain, pump water, or both. Thus they often were gristmills, windpumps, or both.[3] The majority of modern windmills take the form of wind turbines used to generate electricity, or windpumps used to pump water, either for land drainage or to extract groundwater.

The windwheel of the Greek engineer Heron of Alexandria in the first century AD is the earliest known instance of using a wind-driven wheel to power a machine.[4][5] Another early example of a wind-driven wheel was the prayer wheel, which was used in ancient Tibet andChina since the fourth century.[6] It has been claimed that the Babylonian emperorHammurabi planned to use wind power for his ambitious irrigation project in the seventeenth century BC.[7]
§Horizontal windmills
The Persian horizontal windmill
Hooper's Mill, Margate, Kent, an eighteenth-century European horizontal windmill

The first practical windmills had sails that rotated in a horizontal plane, around a vertical axis.[8] According to Ahmad Y. al-Hassan, these panemone windmills were invented in eastern Persia as recorded by the Persian geographer Estakhri in the ninth century.[9][10] The authenticity of an earlier anecdote of a windmill involving the second caliph Umar (AD 634–644) is questioned on the grounds that it appears in a tenth-century document.[11] Made of six to 12 sails covered in reed matting or cloth material, these windmills were used to grind grain or draw up water, and were quite different from the later European vertical windmills. Windmills were in widespread use across the Middle East and Central Asia, and later spread to China and India from there.[12]

A similar type of horizontal windmill with rectangular blades, used for irrigation, can also be found in thirteenth-century China (during the Jurchen Jin Dynasty in the north), introduced by the travels of Yelü Chucai to Turkestan in 1219.[13]

Horizontal windmills were built, in small numbers, in Europe during the 18th and nineteenth centuries,[8] for example Fowler's Mill at Battersea in London, and Hooper's Mill at Margate in Kent. These early modern examples seem not to have been directly influenced by the horizontal windmills of the Middle and Far East, but to have been independent inventions by engineers influenced by the Industrial Revolution.[14]
§Vertical windmills

Due to a lack of evidence, debate occurs among historians as to whether or not Middle Eastern horizontal windmills triggered the original development of European windmills.[15][16][17][18] In northwestern Europe, the horizontal-axis or vertical windmill (so called due to the plane of the movement of its sails) is believed to date from the last quarter of the twelfth century in the triangle of northern France, eastern England and Flanders.

The earliest certain reference to a windmill in Europe (assumed to have been of the vertical type) dates from 1185, in the former village of Weedley in Yorkshire which was located at the southern tip of the Wold overlooking the Humber estuary.[19] A number of earlier, but less certainly dated, twelfth-century European sources referring to windmills have also been found.[20] These earliest mills were used to grind cereals.

POST MILL


The evidence at present is that the earliest type of European windmill was the post mill, so named because of the large upright post on which the mill's main structure (the "body" or "buck") is balanced. By mounting the body this way, the mill is able to rotate to face the wind direction; an essential requirement for windmills to operate economically in north-western Europe, where wind directions are variable. The body contains all the milling machinery. The first post mills were of the sunken type, where the post was buried in an earth mound to support it. Later, a wooden support was developed called the trestle. This was often covered over or surrounded by a roundhouse to protect the trestle from the weather and to provide storage space. This type of windmill was the most common in Europe until the nineteenth century, when more powerful tower and smock mills replaced them.

HOLLOW POST MILL


In a hollow-post mill, the post on which the body is mounted is hollowed out, to accommodate the drive shaft.[21] This makes it possible to drive machinery below or outside the body while still being able to rotate the body into the wind. Hollow-post mills driving scoop wheels were used in the Netherlands to drain wetlands from the fourteenth century onwards.

TOWER MILL


Tower mills in Spain

By the end of the thirteenth century, the masonry tower mill, on which only the cap is rotated rather than the whole body of the mill, had been introduced. The spread of tower mills came with a growing economy that called for larger and more stable sources of power, though they were more expensive to build. In contrast to the post mill, only the cap of the tower mill needs to be turned into the wind, so the main structure can be made much taller, allowing the sails to be made longer, which enables them to provide useful work even in low winds.

The cap can be turned into the wind either by winches or gearing inside the cap or from a winch on the tail pole outside the mill. A method of keeping the cap and sails into the wind automatically is by using a fantail, a small windmill mounted at right angles to the sails, at the rear of the windmill. These are also fitted to tail poles of post mills and are common in Great Britain and English-speaking countries of the former British Empire, Denmark, and Germany but rare in other places. Around some parts of the Mediterranean Sea, tower mills with fixed caps were built because the wind's direction varied little most of the time.

SMOCK MILL USED TO PUMP WATER UPHILL, COULD BE USED TO POWER PUMPED WATER ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS AT LEAST IN PART

Main article: Smock mill
Two smock mills with a stage in Greetsiel, Germany

The smock mill is a later development of the tower mill, where the tower is replaced by a wooden framework, called the "smock." The smock is commonly of octagonal plan, though examples with more, or fewer, sides exist. The smock is thatched, boarded or covered by other materials, such as slate, sheet metal, or tar paper. The lighter construction in comparison to tower mills make smock mills practical as drainage mills as these often had to be built in areas with unstable subsoil. Having originated as a drainage mill, smock mills are also used for a variety of purposes. When used in a built-up area it is often placed on a masonry base to raise it above the surrounding buildings.

MECHANICS OF HOW WIND POWERED MACHINERY WORKS AND CREATES JOBS

Sails
Main article: Windmill sail
Windmill in Kuremaa, Estonia

Common sails consist of a lattice framework on which a sailcloth is spread. The miller can adjust the amount of cloth spread according to the amount of wind available and power needed. In medieval mills, the sailcloth was wound in and out of a ladder type arrangement of sails. Postmedieval mill sails had a lattice framework over which the sailcloth was spread, while in colder climates, the cloth was replaced by wooden slats, which were easier to handle in freezing conditions.[22] The jib sail is commonly found in Mediterranean countries, and consists of a simple triangle of cloth wound round a spar.

In all cases, the mill needs to be stopped to adjust the sails. Inventions in Great Britain in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries led to sails that automatically adjust to the wind speed without the need for the miller to intervene, culminating in patent sails invented byWilliam Cubitt in 1813. In these sails, the cloth is replaced by a mechanism of connected shutters.

In France, Pierre-Théophile Berton invented a system consisting of longitudinal wooden slats connected by a mechanism that lets the miller open them while the mill is turning. In the twentieth century, increased knowledge of aerodynamics from the development of the airplane led to further improvements in efficiency by German engineer Bilau and several Dutch millwrights.

The majority of windmills have four sails. Multiple-sailed mills, with five, six or eight sails, were built in Great Britain (especially in and around the counties of Lincolnshire and Yorkshire), Germany, and less commonly elsewhere. Earlier multiple-sailed mills are found in Spain, Portugal, Greece, parts of Romania, Bulgaria, and Russia.[23] A mill with an even number of sails has the advantage of being able to run with a damaged sail and the one opposite removed without resulting in an unbalanced mill.
De Valk windmill in mourning position following the death of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands in 1962

In the Netherlands the stationary position of the sails, i.e. when the mill is not working, has long been used to give signals. Most notably the positions with the sails just before or just after the main building signal joy or mourning. Across the Netherlands windmills with the sails tilted to the right were used to mourn the victims of the 2014 flight MH17. [24]

MACHINERY POWERED BY WIND; WHAT COULD BE BETTER THAN FREE POWER FOR ALL KINDS OF INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY?

Main article: Mill machinery

Gears inside a windmill convey power from the rotary motion of the sails to a mechanical device. The sails are carried on the horizontal windshaft. Windshafts can be wholly made of wood, or wood with a cast iron poll end (where the sails are mounted) or entirely of cast iron. The brake wheel is fitted onto the windshaft between the front and rear bearing. It has the brake around the outside of the rim and teeth in the side of the rim which drive the horizontal gearwheel called wallower on the top end of the vertical upright shaft. In grist mills, the great spur wheel, lower down the upright shaft, drives one or more stone nuts on the shafts driving each millstone

Post mills sometimes have a head and/or tail wheel driving the stone nuts directly, instead of the spur gear arrangement. Additional gear wheels drive a sack hoist or other machinery. The machinery differs if the windmill is used for other applications than milling grain. A drainage mill uses another set of gear wheels on the bottom end of the upright shaft to drive a scoop wheel or Archimedes' screw. Sawmills use a crankshaft to provide a reciprocating motion to the saws. Windmills have been used to power many other industrial processes, including papermills, threshing mills, and to process oil seeds, wool, paints and stone products.[3]

TOTAL NUMBER OF WIND POWERED MILLS WAS 200,000 IN EUROPE


The total number of wind-powered mills in Europe is estimated to have been around 200,000 at its peak, which is modest compared to some 500,000 waterwheels.[22] Windmills were applied in regions where there was too little water, where rivers freeze in winter and in flat lands where the flow of the river was too slow to provide the required power.[22] With the coming of the industrial revolution, the importance of wind and water as primary industrial energy sources declined and were eventually replaced by steam (in steam mills) and internal combustion engines, although windmills continued to be built in large numbers until late in the nineteenth century. More recently, windmills have been preserved for their historic value, in some cases as static exhibits when the antique machinery is too fragile to put in motion, and in other cases as fully working mills.[25]

Of the 10,000 windmills in use in the Netherlands around 1850,[26] about 1000 are still standing. Most of these are being run by volunteers, though some grist mills are still operating commercially. Many of the drainage mills have been appointed as backup to the modern pumping stations. The Zaan district has been said to have been the first industrialized region of the world with around 600 operating wind-powered industries by the end of the eighteenth century.[26] Economic fluctuations and the industrial revolution had a much greater impact on these industries than on grain and drainage mills so only very few are left.

Construction of mills spread to the Cape Colony in the seventeenth century. The early tower mills did not survive the gales of the Cape Peninsula, so in 1717, the Heeren XVII sent carpenters, masons, and materials to construct a durable mill. The mill, completed in 1718, became known as the Oude Molen and was located between Pinelands Station and the Black River. Long since demolished, its name lives on as that of a Technical school in Pinelands. By 1863, Cape Town could boast 11 mills stretching from Paarden Eiland to Mowbray.[27]

WIND TURBINES CAN ALSO BE USED TO GENERATE POWER, THE EXCESS POWER CAN BE USED TO PUMP WATER UPHILL, OR PUT ENERGY INTO BATTERIES, OR TO STORE ENERGY IN OTHER WAYS

Rønland Windpark in Denmark

Wikipedia; "A group of wind turbines inZhangjiakou, China

A wind turbine is a windmill-like structure specifically developed to generate electricity. They can be seen as the next step in the development of the windmill. The first wind turbines were built by the end of the nineteenth century by Prof James Blyth in Scotland (1887),[28] Charles F. Brush in Cleveland, Ohio (1887–1888)[29][30] and Poul la Cour in Denmark (1890s). La Cour's mill from 1896 later became the local powerplant of the village Askov. 

By 1908 there were 72 wind-driven electric generators in Denmark, ranging from 5 to 25 kW. By the 1930s, windmills were widely used to generate electricity on farms in the United States where distribution systems had not yet been installed, built by companies such as Jacobs Wind, Wincharger, Miller Airlite, Universal Aeroelectric, Paris-Dunn, Airline, and Winpower. The Dunlite Corporation produced turbines for similar locations in Australia.

Forerunners of modern horizontal-axis utility-scale wind generators were the WIME-3D in service in Balaklava USSR from 1931 until 1942, a 100-kW generator on a 30-m (100-ft) tower,[31] the Smith-Putnam wind turbine built in 1941 on the mountain known as Grandpa's Knob in Castleton, Vermont, USA of 1.25 MW[32] and the NASA wind turbines developed from 1974 through the mid-1980s. The development of these 13 experimental wind turbines pioneered many of the wind turbine design technologies in use today, including: steel tube towers, variable-speed generators, composite blade materials, and partial-span pitch control, as well as aerodynamic, structural, and acoustic engineering design capabilities. 

The modern wind power industry began in 1979 with the serial production of wind turbines by Danish manufacturers Kuriant, Vestas, Nordtank, and Bonus. These early turbines were small by today's standards, with capacities of 20–30 kW each. Since then, commercial turbines have increased greatly in size, with the Enercon E-126 capable of delivering up to 7 MW, while wind turbine production has expanded to many countries.

As the 21st century began, rising concerns over energy security, global warming, and eventual fossil fuel depletion led to an expansion of interest in all available forms of renewable energy. Worldwide, many thousands of wind turbines are now operating, with a totalnameplate capacity of 194,400 MW.[33] Europe accounted for 48% of the total in 2009.

WINDPUMPS ARE SMALL LOCAL EQUIVALENTS OF UTILITY SCALE PUMPED WATER STORAGE SYSTEMS

Main article: Windpump
Windpump in South Dakota, USA

Wikipedia; "Windpumps were used to pump water since at least the 9th century in what is nowAfghanistan, Iran and Pakistan.[34] The use of wind pumps became widespread across theMuslim world and later spread to China and India.[35] Windmills were later used extensively in Europe, particularly in the Netherlands and the East Anglia area of Great Britain, from the lateMiddle Ages onwards, to drain land for agricultural or building purposes.

The American windmill, or wind engine, was invented by Daniel Halladay in 1854[36] and was used mostly for lifting water from wells. Larger versions were also used for tasks such as sawing wood, chopping hay, and shelling and grinding grain.[37] In early California and some other states, the windmill was part of a self-contained domestic water system which included a hand-dug well and a wooden water tower supporting a redwood tank enclosed by wooden siding known as a tankhouse.

During the late 19th century steel blades and steel towers replaced wooden construction. At their peak in 1930, an estimated 600,000 units were in use.[38] Firms such as U.S. Wind Engine and Pump Company, Challenge Wind Mill and Feed Mill Company, Appleton Manufacturing Company, Star, Eclipse, Fairbanks-Morse, and Aermotor became the main suppliers in North and South America.

These windpumps are used extensively on farms and ranches in the United States, Canada, Southern Africa, and Australia. They feature a large number of blades, so they turn slowly with considerable torque in low winds and are self-regulating in high winds. A tower-top gearbox and crankshaft convert the rotary motion into reciprocating strokes carried downward through a rod to the pump cylinder below. Such mills pumped water and powered feed mills, saw mills, and agricultural machinery.

In Australia, the Griffiths Brothers at Toowoomba manufactured windmills from 1876, with the trade name Southern Cross Windmills in use from 1903. These became an icon of the Australian rural sector by utilizing the water of the Great Artesian Basin.[39]

Oilmill De Zoeker, paintmill De Katand paltrok sawmill De Gekroonde Poelenburg at the Zaanse Schans
Source; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windmill




IN DEPTH GRID ENERGY STORAGE LECTURE; TRANSFORMATION OF THE GRID IS HAPPENING NOW


Investment in renewable energy infrastructure was higher than in fossil fuel infrastructure. With grid-scale energy storage, intermittent sources of renewable energy, such as wind and solar, become viable for the grid. VLAB will examine the technology and economics to make this transformation possible.
VIDEOhttp://youtu.be/3R7EzO3uBms 1 hour 30 min.

The global market for energy storage services could be worth as much as $31.5 billion in 2017, according to Lux Research. Additionally, Pike Research forecasts that $122 billion will be invested in energy storage projects between 2011 and 2021.

Today, 99% of the global energy storage is pumped hydro, which is geographically constrained. Now entrepreneurs free us from this constraint with fundamentally new technology challenging conventional expectations of capacity, efficiency and product life.

Where are the best business opportunities for these start-ups -- at green energy farms? on the grid? or at the consumer's home or business?
What are key metrics to make this economically viable, without subsidies? Efficiency, life-time costs, Capex?
Will advances in traditional pumped hydro and compressed air prevail over battery/chemical technologies?

Which countries are leading in Energy Storage on/off the grid?

When will these new technologies become profitable?

How and when will US utility companies get on-board?

PICTURES OF WIND ENERGY PLANTS AND GRAPHS

Wind Energy Pictures
https://www.pinterest.com/drgoodheart/wind-energy/

SCOTTISH POWER IS PUTTING IN 400 MW OF PUMPED HYRO POWER STORAGE

We're pumped about this.
Scottish Power aims for 400MW of pumped-hydro energy storage

RAIL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM USES GRAVITY TO STORE EXCESS POWER AND THEN RETRIEVE IT WHEN PEAK POWER IS NEEDED, ALMOST INSTANTLY


RAIL ENERGY STORAGE HARNESSES THE POWER OF GRAVITY ALL THE LIVELONG DAY

A California-based company called Advanced Rail Energy Storage (ARES) is using the power of gravity to help renewable energy utilities compete with coal and gas. The idea is to help solve the perennial problem of energy storage. Because wind and solar installations can’t always generate energy on demand — sometimes it’s cloudy and the air is still — green utilities need a reliable method of storing surplus energy.

There are several ways to do this using high-tech industrial batteries, flywheels, or hydroelectric facilities, but these approaches tend to be expensive and complicated.

ARES’s solution? Run some old trains up and down a hill.

The company harnesses the power of potential and kinetic energy to help utilities add and subtract to the energy grid as needed. When the wind or solar farm is producing excess energy, that power is shuttled over to the adjacent ARES facility. The surplus energy is used to power repurposed electric locomotives, which in turn haul enormously heavy railroad cars to the top of a hill.
via Rail Energy Storage Harnesses the Power of Gravity All the Livelong Day – Seeker

LARGE SCALE GRID BATTERIES WILL SOON BE CHEAPER THAN NATURAL GAS PEAKER PLANTS; AND ARE ALREADY BEING INSTALLED IN SOME AREAS SUCH AS ISLANDS AND REMOTE LOCATIONS WHERE ENERGY COSTS ARE HIGHER


LARGE-SCALE GRID BATTERIES WILL SOON BE A CHEAPER ALTERNATIVE TO BUILDING NATURAL GAS PLANTS
AUGUST 21, 2017 A GREEN ROAD DAILY NEWS

According to the University of Minnesota’s Energy Transition Lab, starting in 2019 and for the foreseeable future, the overall cost of building grid-scale storage there will be less than that of building natural-gas plants to meet future energy demand.

Minnesota currently gets about 21 percent of its energy from renewables.

That’s not bad, but current plans also call for bringing an additional 1,800 megawatts of gas-fired “peaker” plants online by 2028 to meet growing demand. As the moniker suggests, these plants are meant to spin up quickly to meet daily peaks in energy demand—something renewables tend to be bad at because the wind doesn’t always blow and the sun doesn’t always shine.

The new report suggests otherwise. According to the analysis, bringing lithium-ion batteries online for grid storage would be a good way to stockpile energy for when it’s needed, and it would prove less costly than building and operating new natural-gas plants.

Utility scale batteries are already being installed in individual homes, businesses, and in locations where fossil fuel is expensive or hard to get, such as islands or remote areas. 

RELATED ARTICLES

Tesla Powerwall Lithium Energy Storage Battery Combined With Cheapest Solar And Wind Power, Nuclear And Carbon Fuel Monopolies Now Obsolete/Most Expensive Energy, Batteries Now Cost Effective For Home And Utility Scale Grid Energy Storage
http://www.agreenroadjournal.com/2015/05/tesla-unveils-energy-storage-battery.html

Energy Disrupting Solar, Wind, And Water Energy Combined With Hydrogen, Batteries Provides Peak And Sustainable Energy Storage Plus Disruptive 100% Zero Carbon, Zero Nuclear Renewable Energy Source, Fossil And Nuclear Fuels Are Obsolete
http://www.agreenroadjournal.com/2014/12/solar-energy-combined-with-hydrogen.html

Zero Fuel Cost, Zero Emissions, Self Charging Solar Panel Covered Vehicle Examples - Grid Energy Storage And Income Source, Bedini Motor, EV Vehicles With Batteries, Smart Charging Systems Are The Missing Piece For Electric Grid Storage

Solar And Wind Energy Cheaper Than Oil, Gas, Nuclear And Coal; Solar Plus Wind Energy Disrupting Fossil Fuel And Nuclear Energy Monopolies, World Can Be Nuclear And Carbon Free By 2050, Be Part Of The Energy Revolution
http://www.agreenroadjournal.com/2012/04/why-solar-energy-energy-usage-and-costs.html

List Of Communities Around The World Generating 100% Zero Carbon Sustainable, Renewable Energy; Debunking The Mythology of Nuclear And/Or Fossil Fuel Baseload Requirement, Transformation Of Energy Source Required
http://www.agreenroadjournal.com/2014/06/feldheim-and-schonau-two-examples-of.html

Sonoma County Clean Power - One Of First In Nation To Offer 100% Zero Carbon, Zero Nuclear Local Energy Option To Customers, Pays Up To Retail Prices To Buy All Solar, Wind Energy From Home Owners
http://www.agreenroadjournal.com/2013/08/sonoma-county-clean-power-one-of-first.html

100% Zero Carbon Hydrogen Powered House, Car and Cooking Stove
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/07/100-zero-carbon-hydrogen-powered-house.html

Green, Zero Carbon Sustainable Geothermal Energy Could Supply ALL Power Needs Of The USA
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2013/09/carbon-free-geothermal-energy-could.html

Tidal Power Exceeds 2 Terra Watts Globally, Scotland Leading The Charge For Tide Power Development
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/09/tidal-power-exceeds-2-terra-watts.html

Fuel Cells Can Produce Zero Carbon Electricity By Burning Stored Hydrogen Gas
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/03/fuel-cells-can-produce-zero-carbon.html

Zero Fuel Cost, Zero Emissions, Self Charging Vehicle Examples - Grid Energy Storage And Income Source
http://agreenroad.blogspot.com/2014/12/solar-self-powered-passenger-car-no.html

ALEC, Carbon And Nuclear 'Owned' Utilities Preventing Renewables From Connecting To Grid, Not Allowing Feed In Tariffs, In Order To Choke Off Solar/Wind/Geothermal Success And Growth, Promote Toxic Nuclear/Carbon
http://www.agreenroadjournal.com/2014/10/new-renewable-energy-sources-are-so.html

SUMMARY



The grid is becoming 'smarter' in many ways, such as switching away from 'dumb' baseload fossil fuel or nuclear plants, which are now obsolete, toxic and expensive dinosaurs. What is being created is a smart grid that relies on multiple smaller, cleaner and local renewable energy sources such as tide, wind, water, solar, geothermal, energy storage and much more. Local jobs are created by renewable energy sources and they cannot be shipped overseas. The money created by local energy generation stays and circulates in the local community, whereas money charged by the fossil fuel or nuclear plants leaves the community and damages the health of the residents on top of it, with only toxic polluted water, ground and air to show for decades of use. What happens to the mountains of coal waste, nuclear radioactive garbage, or radioactive waste from fracking? There is no answer to these toxic dinosaurs and their poison waste products.

It is time to transform the grid into a SMART, clean, sustainable, decentralized and renewable energy production and storage system.


DONATE, CONNECT, SHARE, FOLLOW

Please help AGRP get this news out... thanks for your generous and very appreciated support! What you support grows and expands. What you withhold support from shrinks, shrivels and disappears. Even .50 cents per month is a great help. What is teaching the science of sustainable health worth?
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AGRP Facebook Discussion Group - Facebook Daily News Page - Linkedin
Smartphone App - RSS Feed - Index
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A Green Road Project; Teaching the Science of Sustainable Health. Keep asking - what works for 7 future generations without causing harm? Support AGRP and share this page; Twitter, Facebook, Email, Tumbler, Reddit, Stumbleupon, Google+, and on Buffer

"Copyright Disclaimer under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, "ALLOWANCES ARE MADE FOR FAIR USE" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute, that otherwise might be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use." For more info go to:www.lawcornel.edu/uscode. Copyright protected material on this website is used in accordance with 'Fair Use', for the purpose of study, review or critical analysis, and will be removed at the request of the copyright owner(s). Please read Notice and Procedure for Making Claims of Copyright Infringement.

End

Pumped Water Energy Storage Systems Working Well, Cost Effective/Green; Holland Water Pumping Windmills Pumping Water Uphill, Powering Industrial Machines, Advanced Rail Energy Storage (ARES) Used As Peak Power Storage System

Website and contact page

Index, Table Of Contents

A Green Road Project - Science Of Sustainable Health Open Source Commons Knowledge Database
- Click in search box in upper right corner and type in search term to find any related article(s)

Share this page; Twitter, Facebook, Email, Tumbler, Reddit, Stumbleupon, Google+, and on Buffer
Reactions:
Share this post: